Course Descriptions & Syllabi

Course Descriptions & Syllabi

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Note: some or all of the courses in the subjects marked as "Transfer" can be used towards a transfer degree: Associate of Science and Arts or Associate of Engineering Science at DACC. Transferability for specific institutions and majors varies. Consult a counselor for this information.

Areas of Study | | HITT115 syllabus




COURSE NUMBER: HITT115
COURSE TITLE:Patho-Physiology and Pharmacology
DIVISION:Sciences
IAI CODE(S):
SEMESTER CREDIT HOURS:4
CONTACT HOURS:53
STUDENT ENGAGEMENT HOURS:183
DELIVERY MODE:In-Person, Online

COURSE DESCRIPTION:
The mechanism of disease and its effect on the human body will be studied, with emphasis on etiology, symptoms, signs, diagnostic findings, and treatment.  Special topics in pharmacology will be introduced, including terminology, drug category, uses, side effects, contraindications, and interactions of each body system in relation to the most common diseases, and common dosage ranges and routes.

PREREQUISITES:
Admittance into HIT or seeking admission to Nursing Program (highly recommended)

NOTES:

STUDENT LEARNING OUTCOMES:
Upon completion of this course, students will be able to:
Patho-physiology
  1. Illustrate a clear understanding of the correlation of patho-physiology and disease process.
  2. Illustrate a clear understanding of the physiological interactions involved in the different disease processes.
  3. Use common abbreviations.
  4. Interpret the signs, symptoms, and treatment for given diseases.
  5. Interpret the etiology, subjective symptoms, objective symptoms, diagnosis procedures, prognosis and treatment of common disease.
  6. Interpret normal and abnormal laboratory, radiology, and other diagnostic procedure results for given diseases.
  7. Locate and interpret information in patient records related to the diagnosis and treatment of given diseases.
  8. Interpret disease processes that will assist them in performing multiple tasks involved in the health information profession.
  9. Relate certain normal and abnormal laboratory, radiology, and other diagnostic procedure results.
  10. Use the typical language of care for different diseases’ processes specific to various body systems.
  11. Report the process involved in disease pathology.
  12. Discuss the most frequent and significant disease.
  13. Express the common diagnostic resource used in the identification of disease pathology.
  14. Explore the different types of injury and the process of inflammation and repair.
  15. Interpret the pathology seen with disease of skin, bones, joints, muscles, and endocrine system.
  16. Illustrate an understanding of cancer pathology; how diagnosis is made and effects of various pharmacologic agents used.
  17. Differentiate between hypertrophy, hyperplasia and dysphasia.
  18. Identify common cellular adaptation and possible reasons for the occurrence of each.
  19. Describe the common causes of cell damage.
  20. Describe different types of cellular changes and possible outcomes.
  21. Examine the role of pathophysiology in the diagnosis and treatment of disease.
  22. Differentiate between the different types of adverse reactions.
  23. Review the role of normal defenses in preventing disease.
  24. Illustrate normal circulation and how exchanges are made between the blood and tissue.
  25. Describe the local and systemic effects of inflammation and compare normal capillary exchange with exchange during the inflammatory response.
  26. Explain the effect of chronic inflammation.
  27. Discuss the modes of treatment of inflammation.
  28. Describe the types of healing, the disadvantages of each and factors that hasten the healing process.
  29. Identify the classifications of burns.

Pharmacology
  1. Identify the major categories of drugs.
  2. Discriminate between generic, chemical and brand names of drugs.
  3. Spell correctly and pronounce correctly names of common drugs.
  4. Classify the different routes of administration of drugs.
  5. Classify the different units of measure for drug dosages.
  6. Identify drug references available to allied health professional.
  7. Illustrate an understanding about the differences between the following:
    • Drug action and drug effects
    • Systematic and local effects
    • Loading and maintenance doses
    • Toxic and lethal drug
  8. List the variables that impact the action of drugs.
  9. Interpret common abbreviations and symbols used for medication orders.
  10. Given a common disease, identify several proprietary/generic drugs that could be prescribed.
  11. Classify drugs (antineoplastic, gastrointestinal, anti-infective, etc.), given a disease, identify the prescribed medication, and given a medication; identify the associated disease.
  12. Interpret documentation of medication orders and administration, utilizing knowledge of disease processes, terminology, and documentation standards.
  13. Interpret the ethical, legal, and moral implications of medication errors.
  14. Correctly spell and pronounce the generic and proprietary names of commonly prescribed drugs.
  15. Recognize the most frequently ordered drugs and be able to ID the condition for which they are ordered.
  16. Describe the components of the drug cycle: absorption, distribution.
  17. Interpret the abbreviators commonly associated with the ordering of drugs.
  18. Identify characteristics and functions of selected drugs and medications.
  19. List the basic provision of the current federal controlled substance regulations.
  20. Interpret the legislation and regulations influencing pharmacology in U.S. including the U.S. Pharmacopeias, Food and Drug Act and National Drug Code system.
  21. Understand the process of approval of drugs for use in the U.S.
  22. Understand the following terms: schedule drug, prescription drug, over the counter or non-prescription drug, routes of drug administration, and pharmacokinetics.
  23. Master the use of the PDR drug guides to locate and understand the effects and usage of pharmacological agents and the drug names.
  24. Identify common medications and the classification for drugs used to treat major body systems and diseases.
  25. Given the generic name of a commonly prescribed drug, identify its proprietary names, its drug category and the disease(s) it is used to treat.
  26. Analyze healthcare records and correlate symptoms, diagnoses and tests performed with drug administration.

TOPICAL OUTLINE:
Section one: Pathophysiology Section
  • Introduction to Diseases and Pathology
  • Define disease, pathology, morbidity, mortality
  • Common causes of diseases and death
  • Methods of identifying diseases (history and physical, laboratory, imaging, etc.)
  • Mechanism of Disease
  • Cell pathology
  • Inflammation
  • Immunopathology
  • Infectious disease
  • Hereditary and genetic diseases
  • Neoplasm
  • Dietary deficiencies and excesses malnutrition
  • Diseases of systems
  • Diseases of the blood
  • Circulatory
  • Cardiovascular
  • Hematopoietic and lymphatic system
  • Respiratory
  • Gastrointestinal
  • Liver, gallbladder and pancreas
  • Urinary
  • Male reproductive
  • Female reproductive
  • Endocrine
  • Nervous system
  • Eyes and Ears
  • Musculoskeletal
  • Skin
  • Mental
  • Stress, aging, and wellness

Section Two: Pharmacology (Note the drugs used to treat the different diseases will be coordinated with system under study)
  • Introduction
  • Historical background and laws
  • Drug effects and actions
  • Abbreviations
  • Drug forms and routes of administration
  • Steps in the drug cycle
  • Drug effects
  • Systems of measurement
  • Drugs to treat anti-infective conditions
  • Drugs to treat AIDS and antiviral diseases
  • Prescriptions
  • Chemotherapy drugs
  • Drugs to treat anticoagulants and thrombolytic conditions
  • Drugs used to treat neurological conditions
  • Drugs to treat conditions of the ear, nose and throat
  • Drugs used to treat bone, joint, and muscle conditions
  • Drugs used to treat skin diseases
  • Drugs used to treat psychiatric conditions
  • Drugs to treat emergency situations
  • Vitamins

TEXTBOOK / SPECIAL MATERIALS:
See bookstore website for current book(s) at https://www.dacc.edu/bookstore

EVALUATION:
A percentage system will be used to determine the course grade. The grade is based on: assignments, classroom participation, quizzes, and mid-term and final examination.

90 - 100 = A
80 - 89 = B
70 - 79 = C
60 - 69 = D
59 & below = F

NOTE: Must receive C or better to pass.

STUDENT CONDUCT CODE:
Membership in the DACC community brings both rights and responsibility. As a student at DACC, you are expected to exhibit conduct compatible with the educational mission of the College. Academic dishonesty, including but not limited to, cheating and plagiarism, is not tolerated. A DACC student is also required to abide by the acceptable use policies of copyright and peer-to-peer file sharing. It is the student’s responsibility to become familiar with and adhere to the Student Code of Conduct as contained in the DACC Student Handbook. The Student Handbook is available in the Information Office in Vermilion Hall and online at: https://www.dacc.edu/student-handbook

DISABILITY SERVICES:
Any student who feels s/he may need an accommodation based on the impact of a disability should contact the Testing & Academic Services Center at 217-443-8708 (TTY 217-443-8701) or stop by Cannon Hall Room 103. Please speak with your instructor privately to discuss your specific accommodation needs in this course.

REVISION:
Spring 2019

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