Course Descriptions & Syllabi

Course Descriptions & Syllabi

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Areas of Study | | BIOL101 syllabus




COURSE NUMBER: BIOL101
COURSE TITLE:Human Biology
DIVISION:Sciences
IAI CODE(S): L1 904L
SEMESTER CREDIT HOURS:4
CONTACT HOURS:75
STUDENT ENGAGEMENT HOURS:180
DELIVERY MODE:Online, In-Person, Hybrid

COURSE DESCRIPTION:
An introductory course in biology emphasizing scientific inquiry of selected topics using humans as the study organism. Topics include: cellular reproduction, human reproduction, human structure and function, human health, transmission and molecular genetics, and evolution. Biological, political, ethical, and social issues will be integrated throughout each topic. Students will be required to read current news articles, participate in class discussions, and be able to think critically about these concepts. This course is not for biology majors. 3 lecture hours, 2 lab hours.

PREREQUISITES:
Place into ENGL101 and MATH107.

NOTES: A lab is required for this course. Some sections will require a separate lab, while other sections will include the lab.


STUDENT LEARNING OUTCOMES:
Upon completion of this course, students will be able to:
  • Communicate the use of the scientific method and apply it to scientific study and daily life
  • Use basic laboratory equipment used in understanding and executing biological studies
  • Apply terminology required for the understanding of biological study
  • Acquire a basic understanding of human biological concepts including genetics, reproduction and evolution
  • Connect biological topics to current events
  • Identify, interpret and distinguish scientific studies from pseudo-science

TOPICAL OUTLINE:
  • Cancer and Cellular Reproduction (15%):
    • Describe the process of mitosis and relate it to asexual reproduction and development in organisms
    • Describe the process of meiosis and relate it to sexual reproduction
    • Compare the process of mitosis to the process of meiosis
    • Describe the changes that occur within a cell that lead to cancer
    • Compare cancerous cells to noncancerous cells
    • Investigate the causes of and treatments for cancer
  • Human Reproduction and Alternate Reproductive Strategies (10%)
    • Outline the steps of gametogenesis
    • Describe and give the function of the major structures in the human male and female reproductive tracts
    • Describe the hormonal controls of the male and female reproductive processes
    • Describe what hormones are, how they work, and the specific hormones involved in reproduction
    • Describe how the hormonal-nervous systems are interconnected, especially in relationship to reproduction
    • Describe the means by which the major birth control methods work
    • List and describe the pathogenesis of the major sexually transmitted diseases prevalent in today's society
    • Discuss means of treating and preventing sexually transmitted diseases
    • Be able to discuss a variety of new reproductive technologies, such as artificial insemination, in vitro fertilization, embryo transplants, pre-implantation genetic diagnosis, and cloning
  • Human Genetics (15%)
    • Understand the basic Mendelian Laws and relate these concepts to DNA replication, mitosis, and meiosis
    • Work simple genetics problems of the following type
      • monohybrid crosses
      • dihybrid crosses
      • incomplete dominance and codominance
      • multiple allele
      • multiple gene
      • sex linkage
    • Explain the concepts of
      • gene interaction
      • linkage and crossing over
      • chromosome structures
    • Know what karyotyping is, what some of the chromosomal abnormalities are, including nondisjunction and translocations
    • Understand what mutations are, their various forms, and factors that can cause mutations. Describe some common human genetic abnormalities
    • Define "designer babies." Explain how they are created and their current limitations
  • Molecular Genetics and Genetic Engineering (10%)
    • Describe the structure of deoxyribonucleic acid
    • Describe the process of DNA replication
    • Compare the different forms of mutations and list diseases that result from DNA mutations
    • Explain the purpose and process of transcription and translation
    • Explain how scientists can combine genes from different organisms (recombinant DNA) and the possible uses of genetic engineering
    • Discuss the current state of genetic engineering and its impact on individuals and society in the future
  • Human Anatomy and Disease (25%)
    • List the organ systems and their functions
    • Identify the major organs and state their functions
    • Describe common non-infectious and infectious diseases that affect different body areas
    • Describe risk factors of non-infectious and infectious diseases
    • Identify and differentiate the different groups of microorganisms that cause disease
    • Identify factors that allow microorganisms to cause disease
    • Identify ways to combat microbial infections
    • Associate antibiotic use with antibiotic resistance
    • Describe and differentiate between the body’s innate and acquired immune responses
    • Explain the inflammatory response
    • Explain adaptive immunity
    • Describe and differentiate between cell-mediated immune response and humoral immune response
    • Describe immune tolerance, hypersensitivity, and autoimmunity
  • Evolution (25%)
    • Summarize the cultural and scientific context of major events leading to Darwin's development and publishing his theories on evolution
    • Describe the role natural selection plays in adaptation
    • Discuss the lines of evidence that exist for evolution
    • Apply the concepts of the modern synthesis to explain how inheritance affects evolution
    • Differentiate between the processes and results of microevolution and macroevolution and how these contribute to speciation
    • Relate how the geologic history of the planet is closely tied to the biological history, including mass extinctions and subsequent diversification
    • Be able to recognize a species from contemporary definitions and describe barriers to reproductive success
    • Describe the evolutionary history of our species and the biological bases that are at the foundation of this process
    • Compare how humans are related to other primates
  • Selected Laboratory Topics
    • Topics are provided not only to help students understand and expand the material discussed in lecture but also to provide hands-on opportunities to see how science and scientists work
Lab Schedule
  • Lab 1: Introduction to lab and lab safety
    • Students will explain how to safely work in a biological and chemical laboratory
    • explain how and when to use the safety equipment in a biological and chemical laboratory
    • identify common laboratory equipment; properly neutralize and dispose of acidic and basic solutions
  • Lab 2: Introduction to Science
    • Students will apply the scientific method, including making observations, developing hypotheses, identifying variables and controls, collecting and analyzing data, and drawing conclusions
    • Use calculations and measurements to connect percent error, significant figures, conversions, accuracy and precision to scientific reasoning
    • Summarize how to write and format a lab report
  • Lab 3: Application of the Scientific Method: Monitoring Heart Rates
    • Students will formulate a hypothesis and devise a way to test their hypothesis correlating increasing heart rate to increasing exercise intensity
    • Students will collect data, analyze and graph data, and develop a conclusions
  • Lab 4: Cell Structure and Function
    • Students will hypothesize about the differences they will find in different cell types and then explore those differences. Students will apply Cell Theory
    • Compare and contrast the structure and function of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells
    • Identify eukaryotes and prokaryotes based on their cellular structure
    • build their own model cells based on what they have learned
  • Lab 5: Mitosis
    • Students will be able to relate DNA to genes, alleles and chromosomes
    • Identify chromosomal structure during the various stages of the cell cycle including chromatin, sister chromatids, homologous chromosomes, and centromeres
    • Compare and contrast animal and plant mitosis
    • Apply the concept of ploidy to the human species
    • Explain the role of parent and daughter cells in cell cycle division; students will hypothesize the differences between normal and cancerous cells prior to comparing the mitosis rates of each type
  • Lab 6: Meiosis
    • Students will model the movement of chromosomes through the steps of meiosis I and II
    • Compare and contrast gametes and somatic cells including haploid and diploid
    • Explain how independent assortment, crossing over and mutations influence genetic variation
    • Apply meiosis to the development of genetic diseases
  • Lab 7: Mendelian Genetics
    • Students will be able to predict the outcome of monohybrid and dihybrid crosses
    • Use monohybrid and dihybrid crosses to analyze patterns of inheritance including dominance, incomplete dominance and co-dominance
    • Explain how Mendel’s work formed the foundation of modern genetics including the law of segregation and the law of independent assortment
    • Relate genes to homozygous, heterozygous, dominant alleles, recessive alleles, genotype and phenotype
  • Lab 8: Genetic Variation in Humans
    • Students will recognize the role of probability in inheritance of common human traits by using coins to determine which traits are passed on to their offspring
    • Students will apply principles of segregation and independent assortment of the inheritance of human facial features
    • students will compute the genotypic and phenotypic ratios from the data gathered
  • Lab 9: Population Genetics
    • Students will be able to explain how genetic drift, the founder effect, mutations and natural selection affect a population’s gene pool
    • Use the Hardy-Weinberg equation to calculate gene frequencies within a population
    • Analyze the effects of stochastic events on genetic variation and frequency in a gene pool
  • Lab 10 (In-class): Evidence of Evolution
    • Students will discover the evidence for evolution by examining fossil records, comparative anatomy; and molecular evidence
    • Students will study the geologic timescale and then examine some fossils; compare homologous structures of chimps and humans
    • examine protein similarities by completing a simulated assay test
  • Lab 10 (online): Evidence of Evolution
    • Students will discover the evidence for evolution by examining the fossil records of stickback fish
    • This HHMI virtual lab includes three experiments in which students collect and analyze data using photographs of living fish specimens and fossils
    • The lab includes several short videos explaining research methods and relating the evolutionary history of the stickleback fish
  • Lab 11 (In-class): Biotechnology
    • Students will isolate their own DNA from cheek cells by following a DNA extraction technique
    • Students will perform DNA electrophoresis on simulated crime scene DNA to investigate the role of DNA fingerprinting in solving crimes
  • Lab 11 (online): Biotechnology
    • Students will become familiarized with the science and techniques used to make create transgenic organisms
    • Students will complete the HHMI virtual lab simulation to create a transgenic fly to study circadian rhythms
    • Students will walk through the procedure and collect and analyze the data of their transgenic organisms
  • Lab 11 (online): Cardiology Lab
    • Students will become familiar with heritable diseases of the heart and the tools and processes needed to diagnose heart disease
    • In this HHMI virtual lab, student interns accompany a doctor examining three different patients
    • Each patient is examined, using more than one diagnostic tool, and at each stage, the doctor will invite you to examine the patient yourself and ask for your opinion
    • Students will collect the data and analyze the data from each patient prior to making a diagnosis
  • Lab 12 (online): Immunology Lab
    • Students will be able to make the connection between infectious disease and diagnosis
    • In this HHMI virtual laboratory, students will demonstrate how an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is carried out and some of the key experimental problems that may be encountered
    • Students will learn about the assay procedure and the equipment and materials that are needed
    • By completing this exercise, students will gain a better understanding of experimental design, key concepts in immunological reactions, and interpretation of data
  • Lab 12 (In-class): Body Systems
    • Students will use models and manipulatives to get hands on experience in exploring anatomy and physiology of the human body

TEXTBOOK / SPECIAL MATERIALS:
Biology: The Core Plus MasteringBiology with eText -- Access Card Package Author: Eric J. Simon (online only)
Edition: 2
Pub Date: 2016
Publisher: Benjamin Cummings

Online Textbook: Concepts of Biology, Samantha Fowler et. al, Openstaxcollege.org
Custom lab manual McGraw-Hill

See bookstore website for current book(s) at https://www.dacc.edu/bookstore

EVALUATION:
Your grade will be determined by your scores on the following:
Unit exams
Lab reports
Additional activities
Cumulative Final Exam
100 points each x 4 or 50 points each x 8
10 points each x ~12
quizzes, homework, in-class, professionalism (180 points)
15% of your overall grade

Your total accumulated points will be divided by the total points possible to determine your percentage

At the end of the semester, that percentage will determine your grade as follows:
100%-90%
89%-80%
79%-70%
69%-60%
60%-0
A
B
C
D
F

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

STUDENT CONDUCT CODE:
Membership in the DACC community brings both rights and responsibility. As a student at DACC, you are expected to exhibit conduct compatible with the educational mission of the College. Academic dishonesty, including but not limited to, cheating and plagiarism, is not tolerated. A DACC student is also required to abide by the acceptable use policies of copyright and peer-to-peer file sharing. It is the student’s responsibility to become familiar with and adhere to the Student Code of Conduct as contained in the DACC Student Handbook. The Student Handbook is available in the Information Office in Vermilion Hall and online at: https://www.dacc.edu/student-handbook

DISABILITY SERVICES:
Any student who feels s/he may need an accommodation based on the impact of a disability should contact the Testing & Academic Services Center at 217-443-8708 (TTY 217-443-8701) or stop by Cannon Hall Room 103. Please speak with your instructor privately to discuss your specific accommodation needs in this course.

REVISION:
Spring 2019

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