Anatomy 1 Lab Practical 1

Skeletal system/ossification Lab 

1. How many true ribs are there, how many false ribs?

2. Name the 3 parts of the sternum.

3. Bones forming toes and fingers are called what?

4. Describe what a process is.

5. What 2 things are bone composed of?

6. What are the 2 different types of bone called?

7. What is matrix composed of?

8. In lab describe what the effect was of bone that was baked and bone that was soaked in acid.

9. What cells are found in cartilage?

10. What is the shaft portion of long bone called?

11. What is each expanded end of the long bone called?

12. What is the cartilage called which covers each end of long bone?

13. What is the tough covering of bone called?

14. What is the central canal found in long bone called?

15. What does red marrow continually produce?

16. In the vertebrae how many are cervical, how many are thoracic, and how many are lumbar?

17. What is the purpose of the vertebrae foramina ?

18. If you were looking at a pelvis and the true pelvis was shallow and wide and the pubic arch is greater than 90 degrees, would you be looking at a female or male pelvis?

19. Name the 5 functions of the skeletal system.

20. What are the 2 hormones that become involved with bone if calcium concentrations get too low or too high?

21. Where are these 2 hormones released from?

22. What are the 2 general types of ossification?

23. What is the name of the boundary found at each end of long bone that forms when growth is complete?

24. What is meant by the remodeling aspect?

25. What to factors are key in the rate of destruction and replacement of bone?

Use of the Microscope/Lab manual

26. Label the parts of the microscope :

 

microscope to label               

27. How can you determine the magnification of a microscope?

28. What two factors can affect the depth of field seen through a microscope?

Skeletal System Lab

29. Is this a left or a right scapula?

30. Is this a left or a right Os Coxae?

31. Is this a left or right humerus?

32. Is this a left or a right femur?

33. Is this a left or right tibia ?

 34. Label knee model. Only 4b, 4a, 14, 15 and 3.

35. What are the two bones involved in forming the nasal septum?

36. What bone forms socket for condyle of mandible?

37. What bone allows passage of auditory nerve into brain?

38. What bone allows the olfactory nerves to pass through from the nose into the cranium? What is the name of the major bone these foramina are found, and the part also in question.

39. What is the socket into which the head of the humerus fits?

40. Allows the axis to properly articulate with the atlas, thus permitting the head to turn from side to side?

41. What is the difference between vertebral foramen and intervertebral foramen?

42. Name the labels # 9, 19, 2, 6, and level I, II, and III.

43. Name as many of the bones you can from the following views.

 

 

TISSUES

44. Identify tissue type.

45.Identify tissue type.

46. Identify tissue type.

47. Identify tissue and cell type.

48. Identify the cell type.

49. Identify tissue type, what are these cells called?

50. What is the histological feature at the tip of the pointers?

51. Identify tissue type.

52. Name tissue type.

53. Identify tissue type.

54.Identify tissue type.

55. Identify tissue type.

56. Identify tissue type.

57. Identify.

58.Identify tissue type.

59. Identify tissue type.

60. Identify tissue type.

61. Identify tissue type.

62. What are the four general type of tissues?

63. Where are the following tissues found in the body?

     * Keratinized stratified squamous epithelium

     * Simple columnar epithelium

     * Ciliated columnar epithelium

     * Simple cuboidal epithelium

     * Fibrous connective tissue

     * Simple squamous epithelium

64. Mucus is synthesized in which organelle? What are these cells called?

65. What is a group of similar cells having similar functions called?

66. What are some special characteristics of epithelial tissues?

67. What tissues essential task is connection and support, characterized by matrix?

68. In hyaline cartilage, what are the cells called? How about in Fibrous connective, Bone connective, and blood connective?

69. Which tissue contains fibroblasts and macrophages?

70. What is a single cell in nervous tissue called? What are the processes called?

71. What is the purpose of canaliculi? What tissue are these found in?

72. What are characteristics of smooth muscle tissue, where are these found in the body?

73. What is another name for cardiac muscle tissue?

74. What are the characteristics of cardiac muscle tissue?

75. What gland lubricates hair and skin? What is the name of the oil it secretes?

76. What substances are found in sweat?